In this session, participants will reflect on research, revise their thinking about online live, synchronous instruction, and help students rise as they connect and reconnect with learning in online classes. In language teaching classes, teacher-student interaction is typically very high. One way to increase teacher-student and student-student interaction is use of online live, synchronous instruction. For more than five years, online education researchers and instructors have been reporting on language students’ preferences regarding asynchronous and synchronous instruction. Research has shown that online live synchronous instruction using webconferencing with language students can offer opportunities (i.e. build community, increase student engagement) and present challenges (i.e. student privacy, scheduling conflicts). In this presentation, the speaker will discuss a review of the literature of online live, synchronous instruction, student preferences, and recommendations for effective and equitable online instruction. The presenter will provide digital handouts.